Dan Watson

Archive for September 2010

1965, Part 2

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Continued from my timeline of the first half of 1965, from the Collier’s Yearbook:

7/7/65 – The Delaware River Basin commission declared a 30-day water emergency for New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania.

7/11/65 – Two opposing groups of about 500 shouting white segregationists and about 600 quiet Negro and white civil rights demonstrators, guarded by hundreds of heavily armed police and state troopers, held separate protest marches through downtown Bogalusa [Louisiana]; the civil rights group was protesting discrimination against Negroes in jobs and public facilities.

7/13/65 – President Johnson announced his nomination of federal judge Thurgood Marshall, former chief legal adviser of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, as U.S. solicitor general.

7/14/65 – Adlai E. Stevenson, U.S. Representative at the UN, former governor of Illinois, and twice Democratic candidate for president, collapsed and died in London at 65.

7/15/65 – By means of radio signals, the United States’ Mariner 4 transmitted to earth the first close-up picture of Mars; the spacecraft had been launched on Nov. 28, 1964.

7/17/65 – The official Chinese Communist press agency, Hsinhua, reported that Peking had agreed to provide economic and technical assistance to North Vietnam.

7/22/65 – A U.S. government report warned that without immediate action two main reservoirs supplying New York City would dry up by November 1965 and six others would be badly depleted.

7/28/65 – After an eight-day review of Vietnam with top political and military advisers, President Johnson announced that the number of U.S. military men in South Vietnam would be increased and the draft rate doubled.

7/30/65 – At Independence, Mo., President Johnson signed the Medicare-Social Security bill in a ceremony honoring Harry Truman, the first president to propose federal health insurance under Social Security.

8/7/65 – In the first application of the new Voting Rights Act, signed into law on August 6, literacy tests as a voting prerequisite were suspended in seven states and a total of 27 counties in North Carolina and Arizona.

8/10/65 – Authorized by the Voting Rights Act of 1965, federal registrars were on hand for the first time since the Reconstruction era to supervise heavy voting registration of Negroes in nine counties and parishes in Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi.

8/11/65 – At an emergency White House conference with governors and other high officials from New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania, President Johnson promised more federal aid to meet the water crisis in the Northeast.  By a vote of 57 to 33, the U.S. Senate passed a bill to create a Department of Housing and Urban Development that would consolidate all federal housing and urban development programs and elevate the secretary of the department to Cabinet status.

8/13/65 – On the third day of sporadic looting, burning, and shooting by bands of Negroes in the Watts district in Los Angeles, nearly 1,000 national guardsmen armed with rifles and bayonets were ordered into the city to help local law enforcement officers quell the riots, which were sparked by a drunken-driving arrest on August 11.

8/16/65 – Relative calm descended upon the Negro district of Watts in southwest Los Angeles after six days of rioting, during which 34 persons were killed, 1,032 injured, 3,952 arrested, and an estimated $40 million in damages incurred.

8/22/65 – In Springfield, Mass., national guardsmen, state policemen, and all 360 city policemen were on hand as about 900 Negro and white civil rights demonstrators peaceably marched to Court Square in protest against Negroes during an arrest on July 17.

8/25/65 – President Johnson ordered the Defense Department to begin immediate construction of a $1.5 billion two-man orbiting laboratory to determine potential military uses of space.

8/26/65 – President Johnson announced that starting August 27 childless married men between the ages of 19 and 26 would be as eligible for the draft as single men.

9/2/65 – By a vote of 79-3, the U.S. Senate passed a $4.7 billion higher education bill providing federal grants for needy college students.

9/6/65 – More than 15 years of sporadic fighting between Pakistan and India over the border state of Kashmir erupted into de facto war when Indian troops invaded Pakistan.

9/11/65 – In “Mysterium Fidei,” the third encyclical of his pontificate, Pope Paul VI reaffirmed the traditional orthodox Roman Catholic interpretation of the Holy Eucharist, according to which the body and blood of Christ are actually as well as symbolically present in the consecrated blood and wine.

9/16/65 – Automation, union jurisdiction, and pension and severance benefits were the main issues in a strike called by the New York Newspaper Guild against the New York “Times,” affecting 17,000 news and craft employees of six metropolitan dailies.

9/22/65 – By a vote of 76-18, the U.S. Senate voted to replace the 41-year-old quote immigration law with a system of overall eastern and western hemisphere limits divided among preferred categories of immigrants without regard to nationality, effective July 1, 1968.

9/30/65 – An all-white jury in Hayneville, Ala., acquitted 52-year-old Tom Coleman, a state highway engineer and part-time deputy sheriff, of the charge of first-degree manslaughter in the August 20 shotgun slaying of 26-year-old civil rights worker Jonathan Daniels, a white Episcopal seminary student from Keene, N.H.

10/4/65 – More than 1.2 million people witnessed the historic 14-hour New York visit of Pope Paul VI that included a meeting with President Johnson, an appearance at St. Patrick’s Cathedral, the celebration of a low mass at Yankee Stadium, and an address at the UN in which the pontiff urged, “No more war, war never again.”

10/8/65 – Within six hours after the settlement of the New York newspaper strike begun on September 16, three of the six metropolitan dailies involved in the shutdown announced the resumption of publication.

10/14/65 – The U.S. Defense Department announced that it had established a draft quota of 45,224 men for December, the largest call-up since the Korean War.

10/15/65 – With an attendance record of 51 million, the highest in the history of international expositions, the New York World’s Fair closed.

10/19/65 – Robert M. Shelton, 36-year-old imperial wizard of the largest Ku Klux Klan organization in the U.S., refused to answer questions put to him by the House Un-American Activities Committee during the first hearing on the 100-year-old racist organization.

10/22/65 – An all-white jury in Hayneville, Ala., found 22-year-old Ku Klux Klansman Collie Leroy Wilkins, Jr., not guilty in his second trial for the murder of Detroit civil rights worker Mrs. Viola Gregg Liuzzo.

10/28/65 – Before an assemblage of 2,300 prelates in St. Peter’s Basilica, Pope Paul VI formally promulgated as church teaching five documents embodying significant changes in Roman Catholic policies and structures and enjoining all Catholics against holding the Jews collectively responsible for the crucifixion of Christ.

10/31/65 – Daniel Burros, 28-year-old Jewish-born Ku Klux Klan leader of New York, fatally shot himself with a revolver after the secret of his Jewish origin had been disclosed in a New York “Times” newspaper article on October 30.

11/2/65 – John Lindsay, running on a Republican-Liberal ticket, was elected mayor of New York City, defeating Democratic opponent Abraham Beame by a plurality of 136,144 votes.  Norman R. Morrison, a 32-year-old father of three children and an official of the Friends meeting in Baltimore, Md., burned himself to death in front of the Pentagon in protest against U.S. involvement in the war in Vietnam.

11/9/65 – More than 30 million inhabitants of New York State, New England, parts of New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and Canada’s Ontario province found themselves in darkness when a massive power failure that lasted up to 13 1/2 hours in some areas struck 80,000 square miles of the Northeast at 5:27 P.M. Business losses during the blackout were estimated at $100 million.

11/20/65 – In New York City, the chancellor and the academic dean of City University, as well as the presidents of Brooklyn and Hunter colleges, announced that they were resigning their posts because of a dispute with the Board of Higher Education over advocating the imposition of a $400 annual tuition charge on the traditionally tuition-free city college system.

11/29/65 – After a 30-hour visit to South Vietnam, U.S. Secretary of Defense McNamara said that the U.S. had stopped losing the war, but that the inescapable conclusion was that it would be a long one.

12/2/65 – An all-white jury in Anniston, Ala., sentenced Hubert Damon Strange, a white 23-year-old service station attendant, to 10 years in prison for the night-rider slaying of a Negro foundry worker.

12/3/65 – An all-white federal jury in Montgomery, Ala., convicted three Ku Klux Klan members of conspiracy charges stemming from the slaying of Detroit civil rights worker Mrs. Viola Liuzzo and sentenced them to from 3 to 10 years in prison.

12/8/65 – More than 100,000 spectators and 2,400 church prelates gathered in the sunny square outside St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome to hear Pope Paul VI deliver his message of farewell at the closing of the Ecumenical Council Vatican II, which began in 1962.

12/10/65 – An all-white jury in Selma, Ala., acquitted three white businessmen of charges of murdering the Rev. James J. Reeb of Boston after a civil rights demonstration in March.

12/15/65 – Traveling at more than 17,000 miles per hour about 180 miles above the Pacific, spacecrafts Gemini 6, manned by Capt. Walter M. Schirra, Jr., and Maj. Thomas P. Stafford, and Gemini 7, manned by Lt. Col. Frank Borman and Comdr. James A. Lovell, Jr., passed within a few feet of each other and made a 4-hour formation flight in a historic rendezvous that paved the way for a moon landing.

12/23/65 – In a Christmas message addressed to “all men on earth,” Pope Paul VI appealed for world peace and condemned wars brought about by “underhanded schemes and contrived disorder.”

12/31/65 – Confronted with a threatened strike by the Transit Workers Union on his first day in office, John Vliet Lindsay, 44, was sworn in as the 89th mayor of New York City.

Written by Dan

September 26, 2010 at 11:50 am

Posted in History

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9/25 Update

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I’m here to report that the blog is not dead. The football season has begun. I’ve almost finished Vol. 2 of Marcel Proust and after that I only have 2200 pages to go. Mad Men has 4 weeks remaining in one of the best seasons of television I’ve ever seen. I have a post in the works about J.D. Salinger’s seldom-read bizarre story “Hapworth 16, 1924.” I have another post giving us the Collier’s Yearbook scoop on the second half of 1965 (it’s scheduled to publish in five days). But in the midst of this I actually got a legitimate job, albeit just an internship (for now). This job required me to move across three time zones, which was fun.

Now I’m in Seattle. And I work for Grist.org. There are also some posts on that site in the pipeline for me. I haven’t decided whether I want to go back and write about the Mad Men eps I missed, or just skip them and try to say something about the remaining episodes of the season in a timely manner.

Written by Dan

September 25, 2010 at 6:54 am

Posted in Misc.